Correlation

GUIDE: Mathematics of the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT). Correlation

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Correlation



Definition: The correlation operator for two signals $x$ and $y$ in ${\is defined as

\

We may interpret the correlation operator as

\

which is the coefficient of projection onto $x$ of $y$ advanced by$n$ samples (shifted circularly to the left by $n$ samples). The time shift $n$ is called the correlation lag, and $\ is called a lagged product. Applications of correlation are discussed in §8.8.

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